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Author Information

Dr. Howard-Yana Shapiro

Dr. Howard-Yana Shapiro was appointed Director of External Research of Mars, Incorporated in 2005, and has served as its Director of Plant Science since 2000. Within Mars, Dr. Shapiro is responsible for plant genetics, integrated pest management/biological control of diseases, water conservation and the sustainability/production models for agroecology, agro-forestry and agro-economics of cacao. Additionally, he is the Director of the Multi-Disciplinary Research Unit, a collaboration between Mars, Incorporated, and the University of California, Davis. In 1991, Dr. Shapiro joined Seeds of Change business, a leading supplier of organic seeds, garden products, and specialty foods, as its Vice-President for Agriculture, and later served as its Vice-President of Research and Development/Agriculture before leading the company's acquisition by Mars, Incorporated in 1997. Dr. Shapiro has twice been named a Fulbright Scholar, twice a Ford Foundation Fellow, and was winner of the National Endowment for the Humanities Award.

Dr.  Louis E. Grivetti

Dr. Grivetti's research blends classical approaches of social and biological sciences with historical perspectives. The unifying theme of his research is how and under what conditions human diets change, the mechanisms of change, and the nutritional implications of human behavior.  Dr. Grivetti's research has taken two sub-themes: 1) History, origin, and maintenance of safe, nutritionally sound diets, including identification and nutrient analysis of edible wild plants in Greece and Swaziland, and species consumed during famine in the Sahel of Western Africa; religious determinants of human diet; food-use patterns during and after World War II evidenced by Eastern European, Mediterranean, and Southeast Asian societies; and food patterns and food safety in post-war Vietnam; and 2) Cultural-ethnic diet and nutritional status, including rural to urban migration in Greece; food patterns and access to health care by Native Americans; nutritional consequences associated with dietary changes associated with first-, second-, and third-generation immigrants to California, especially Asians, Hispanics, and Mediterraneans.  Dr. Grivetti is also the compiler of the University of California, Davis Olympic Centennial Athletic, Sport, Recreation Bibliography Project and the creator of American the Bountiful: Classic American Food from Antiquity to the Space Age, an exhibit of the history of American food, currently showing at the University of California, Davis Shields Library.